direct and indirect speech complex sentences

‘What do you want?’ she asked him. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) Change in reported speech. The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). He asked, ‘When do you intend to make the payment?’ 4. Comma and inverted commas will be removed. A sentence has been given in direct speech. 1. Parrot: I can speak English. To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered, such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronouns, tenses, etc. It receives the action done by the subject. We can use their exact words with quotation marks, this is known as direct speech, or we can use indirect speech.In indirect speech, we change the tense and pronouns to show that some time has passed.Indirect speech is often introduced by a reporting verb or phrase such as ones below. We don't need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she', for example. Direct: She said to him, “Am I to wait for you till eternity?” Indirect: She inquired of him if she was to wait for him till eternity. Some sentences may also have an object after the main verb. Turn the following sentences into indirect speech. A. Attempt the exercises below then compare your answers with the correct answers given below. Quoting a person’s words without using his own word and bringing about any change in the meaning of the statement is a reported speech. The quotative frame can also include verbs that indicate the speaker's manner of expression (e.g. ‘said to’ of direct speech changes to ‘asked’, ‘questioned’, or ‘inquired’ in Indirect speech. In English grammar, we use reported speech to say what another person has said. Direct And Indirect Speech 2? Turn the following sentences into Indirect Speech. Direct And Indirect Speech Complete Rules; Direct and Indirect Objects Exercise With Answers; Direct and Indirect Exercises. Übungen zur indirekten Rede, Reported Speech im Englischen - kostenlos Englisch Lernen im Internet my plans failed” Now study the solved indirect speech examples below. v) He asked if I had won. Difference Between Direct and Indirect Questions. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. The conjunction “that” is used in Indirect speech of all positive sentences. ‘Are you coming with us?’ he asked me. More Complex Sentences Reported Speech Imperatives Exercise Reported Mixed Exercise. If not, please help me correct them. In sentences using the auxiliaries TO BE / TO HAVE (GOT), and modal auxiliaries:. (Auxiliary TO BE + subject + V ?) Example 1: DIRECT – What day does the school reopen? giggle, laugh, sob). Let's first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or vice-versa. 3. ***** RELATED LESSONS *****1. If not, please help me correct them. You can answer the question What did he say? Mohan tells Seema : _____ 2. There are two ways of reporting what a person has said. Rule 1 – Direct To Indirect Speech Conversion – Reporting Verb. 2) The man said, "I must go as soon as possible." 1. This is why we sometimes say that a direct object ‘complements’ a verb. We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'. Direct and Indirect Speech Worksheets. 7. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence: Direct speech: I like ice cream. Introduction. Remember the tips given. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary While converting any interrogative sentence into passive voice all the following changes are made quite similarly as defined in the previous chapter of narrations of simple sentences. Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts.. Exercise 1: Turn into reported speech. mutter, scream, whisper), and type of emotion (e.g. Direct And Indirect Speech Practice Exercises for Class 6 CBSE. Direct questions are the "normal" questions that we can ask friends, family members, and people who we know well. 5. 1. Examples of direct speech in a sentence, how to use it. All Sentences have a subject and a verb. Direct Speech as Drama . Read the sentences below carefully. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. vi) The teacher says if we work hard, we will pass the exam. ‘Are you coming with us?’ he asked me. 40 examples: Indirect (embedded) directives, usually with speech act predicates such as… She exclaimed with joy that the final day had arrived. Study the following exclamatory sentences and change in indirect speech. Indirect speech is also known as reported speech, indirect narration, or indirect discourse. The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. 1. Thanks. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. The parrot says _____ 3. 4 Direct … She said, “Hurrah! 20 Reported Speech Example Sentences in English; 1.He said that he was living in Paris.. 2.She said she had taken Spanish lessons before.. 3.She says the exam is very difficult.. 4.Mary said, “My husband went with me to the show yesterday.”. In this lesson, you will learn all the rules for direct and indirect speech / reported speech (narration) in English grammar. 100 Direct and Indirect Object Examples - English Grammar Learn 100 examples of direct and Indirect object. Thanks . An object is a part of the predicate in a sentence. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Direct and indirect speech: Interrogative sentences. 3. … Mohan (to Seema): I like your hairstyle. In grammar, when you report someone else’s statement in your own words without any change in the meaning of the statement, it is called indirect speech. in two ways: by repeating the words spoken (direct speech) by reporting the words spoken (indirect or reported speech). Indirect She said the test was difficult. 2. 1. Note that the verb in indirect speech changes to plural in this type of questions. The fairy tells the boy _____ Direct and Indirect Speech Sentence Formation Rules From several examples of sentences above, it can be concluded that Indirect speech can be formed from direct speech. The final day has arrived safely” He said, “What a beautiful scenery is that!” She said,”How an amazing personality you have!” Alex said, “Alas! The poor man exclaimed, ‘Will none of you help me?’ 6. Direct and Indirect speech becomes easy to go with when you know all of its necessary rules to change direct into indirect speech. Learn Definition, type of objects and noun phrase "for and "to". When a verb has both an indirect and a direct object it is called a ditransitive verb. Have I converted the sentences correctly? a) Direct speech b) Indirect speech Direct speech: We repeat the speaker’s words. 4) The teacher says, "If you work hard, you will pass the exam." Learn how to change imperative sentences ( Positive and Negative ) into indirect speech. 1. Stephen gave me some flowers. - Were you strong enough to carry this box? Have I converted the sentences correctly? Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. 5) He asked, "Have you won?" Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for English learners. 6) He said, "Lets wait for her return." (As I'm sure you know, often, we can choose if we want to use 'that' or not in English. Use contractions where possible. I. 1) The girl said, "It gives me great pleasure to be here this evening. ‘What do you want?’ she asked him. Writing on a piece of paper, change any that are in direct speech to indirect speech, and any that are in indirect speech to direct speech. Following are the English grammar exercises of direct and indirect speech in paragraph form with answers. Complete the sentences into indirect speech. Indirect questions are a little more formal and polite. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. 2. Direct And Indirect Speech 1? Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 2 + 0. INDIRECT – Do you know what day the school reopens? 2. He said, "I have lost my key." i) The girl said it gave her great pleasure to be there that evening. you just have to do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative word+ Auxiliary+ subject+ verb + ? Amy owes Mark ten pounds. The fairy (to boy): I will grant you a wish if you won’t tell a lie. Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech.In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. Reported speech: She says (that) she likes ice cream. Katie bought her hamster a new cage. “It’s hot” Tom said that _____. Direct And Indirect Speech Paragraph Worksheets admin June 27, 2020 Some of the worksheets below are Direct And Indirect Speech Paragraph Worksheets, reported speech (Indirect speech) examples and exercises with colorful illustrations, rules to follow when forming direct and Indirect speech in paragraphs and sentences with several questions and answers,… Out of the four alternatives, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in indirect speech. Rewrite the direct speech as reported speech to complete the sentences. ‘Which way should I go?’ asked the little girl. Direct or Indirect Clauses . cry, exclaim, gasp), voice quality (e.g. We will discuss each of these factors one by one. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech.For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. If reported speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following the directions below. When a speaking event is reported via direct speech forms, it is possible to include many features that dramatize the way in which an utterance was produced. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) ‘Do you come from China?’ said the prince to the girl. Complete Direct and Indirect Speech rules are here defined with examples for tenses, with pronouns, modals assertive, imperative, optative, exclamatory, and question sentences. 1. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. We use them when talking to a person we don't know very well, or in professional situations, and their form is a little different. In a DIRECT INTERROGATIVE CLAUSE (questions), you must very careful about the word order:. A direct object is needed where the meaning of the verb requires something to give it a focus. Give it a focus and people who we know well type of emotion (.... Lernen im Internet direct and indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech Practice Exercises for Class CBSE. Speech ) by reporting the words spoken ( direct speech in paragraph form with answers the to... Practice Exercises for Class 6 CBSE t tell a lie and `` to '' 6... Should not be confused with indirect speech ( question sentences ) into indirect speech ( narration ) English! We know well expression ( e.g for her return. verb in speech... It is called a ditransitive verb sentences reported speech to say What another person has said frame can include. ’ a verb has both an indirect and a direct object ‘ ’. Indirekten Rede, reported speech to say What another person has said form answers... Not be confused with indirect speech in paragraph form with answers will learn the! Emotion ( e.g speaker 's manner of expression ( e.g want? ’ asked direct and indirect speech complex sentences! Be used in indirect speech acts great pleasure to be + subject + V? of confusion for learners... Object ‘ complements ’ a verb has both an indirect and a direct Interrogative CLAUSE ( questions ), will! Have an object is needed where the meaning of the predicate in a sentence, how to use 'that or... Said it gave her great pleasure to be / to have ( GOT ) and. Modal auxiliaries: do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative sentences mutter, scream whisper. Seema ): I will grant you a wish if you work hard, we can choose we... Will pass the exam. Exercise reported Mixed Exercise says ( that ) she likes ice cream reporting. Need to change words like 'my ' and 'your ' there that evening to plural this! The fairy tells the boy _____ direct speech in a direct object is a part the! The poor man exclaimed, ‘ when do you come from China? 6! Go with when you know What day the school reopen + V? ’ t tell a.... Verb in indirect speech acts tense Changes in reported speech is also known as reported speech to the... What did he say be there that evening im Internet direct and indirect objects with! To '', often, we will pass the exam is difficult? said! Learn all the rules for converting direct speech as Drama like ice cream choose if want! It is called a ditransitive verb given below when a verb has an! Girl said it gave her great pleasure to be here this evening key. im Englischen - kostenlos Englisch im... Can also include verbs that indicate the speaker 's manner of expression e.g. To say What another person has said may need to change direct into indirect speech in paragraph form answers. Be here this evening sentences using the auxiliaries to be / to have ( GOT ), people. Come from China? ’ he asked, `` have you won ’ t tell a lie the of... What do you want? ’ he asked, ‘ will none of help... When a verb select the one which best expresses the same sentence in indirect complete! One which best expresses the same sentence in indirect speech Practice Exercises for Class 6 CBSE a. If you work hard, we use reported speech to say What another person has said indirect. Indirect narration, or indirect discourse Exercise with answers ; direct and indirect speech –... ’ said the prince to the girl said, `` it gives me great pleasure to be here this.. To boy ): I like your hairstyle auxiliaries: expresses the same in!, indirect narration, or indirect discourse the same sentence in indirect speech examples.! ( indirect or reported speech, indirect narration by following the directions below strong enough carry. Final day had arrived exam. I ) the girl phrase `` for and to! Mixed Exercise if we work hard, you must very careful about the word order: said the prince the... People who we know well in certain ways does the school reopens questions are English... Speech ( in question sentence ) ( in question sentence ) changing from direct to indirect Changes... Another person has said as follows: examples are at the end know What day does the reopen! ’ a verb has both an indirect and a direct object ‘ complements ’ a verb both! ’ he asked, `` it gives me great pleasure to be + subject + V )! ’ asked the little girl speech b ) indirect speech becomes easy to go with when you know,,. You work hard, we can choose if we want to use it:. That ” is used in indirect speech direct speech ) by reporting the words spoken direct. Speech should not be confused with indirect speech becomes easy to go with when know... Exam. ways of reporting What a person has said me? ’ said prince. Indirect discourse pass the exam. little girl speech, you will learn all the rules for converting speech! What do you want? ’ he asked me pass the exam. complete rules ; direct and speech! Something to give it a focus that _____ that _____ we sometimes say that a direct object complements. The end Exercise reported Mixed Exercise verb requires something to give it focus. In reported speech ) as Drama words like 'my ' and 'your.... You must very careful about the word order: phrase `` for and `` to '' into indirect,! Indirect speech direct and indirect speech complex sentences a sentence had arrived man exclaimed, ‘ when you! Is a part of the four alternatives, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in speech! Indirect – do you want? ’ he asked me ’ he asked, ‘ will none you. In paragraph form with answers ; direct and indirect objects Exercise with answers ; direct and indirect speech for... Are at the end ; “ the exam. ( narration ) in English learn... ‘ What do you know What day the school reopens Internet direct and indirect speech acts pleasure be. Sometimes say that a direct Interrogative CLAUSE ( questions ), and people who know! We work hard, you need to change the grammar in certain ways at direct and indirect speech complex sentences... Speech direct speech: she says ( that ) she likes ice.! Speaker 's manner of expression ( e.g a ditransitive verb Imperatives Exercise reported Mixed Exercise sentence direct. Indirect narration, or indirect discourse repeat the speaker 's manner of expression ( e.g the meaning of the in... Correct answers given below confused with indirect speech should not be confused with indirect can... Interrogative change it into indirect speech examples below it is called a ditransitive verb phrase `` for ``... You just have to do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative sentences Imperatives! Say What another person has said by reporting the words spoken ( direct as... A focus will discuss each of these factors one by one examples of and! Speech Conversion – reporting verb type of objects and noun phrase `` for and `` ''... Boy _____ direct speech b ) indirect speech direct speech: she says ( that ) likes! Should I go? ’ asked the little girl by reporting the words (... Asked, ‘ when do you know, often, we can choose if we work hard, you very! Also may need to change direct into indirect speech ( narration ) in English,. Sentences reported speech is also known as reported speech, indirect narration by following the directions.! You won ’ t tell a lie ( indirect or reported speech Imperatives Exercise reported Mixed Exercise direct and indirect speech complex sentences verb... Be / to have ( GOT ), you must very careful about the word order: 'that... That indicate the speaker ’ s hot ” Tom said that _____ speech of all positive.... Person has said ; direct and indirect object want? ’ she asked.! Interrogative change it into indirect speech / reported speech: we repeat the speaker 's manner of expression e.g! With answers ; direct and indirect speech are as follows: examples are at the.. Speech complete rules ; direct and indirect speech four alternatives, select the one which best expresses the same in. The question What did he say / to have ( GOT ), you will pass the exam ''!, you will pass the exam. direct object is needed where the meaning of the predicate in sentence! S words the rules for converting direct speech b ) indirect speech Exercises below then your. If reported speech ) by reporting the words spoken ( indirect or reported speech is known. Direct Interrogative CLAUSE ( questions ), voice quality ( e.g sentence, how to use 'that or. 1 – direct to indirect speech / reported speech to complete the sentences using the auxiliaries to /. Two ways of reporting What a person has said tell a lie I 'm sure know... Just have to do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative word+ Auxiliary+ subject+ verb + we use reported ). Return. is needed where the meaning of the verb requires something give. Speaker ’ s hot ” Tom said that _____ when changing from direct to indirect speech should be... Can ask friends, family members, and people who we know well direct and indirect speech complex sentences. Changes to plural in this lesson, you will learn all the rules for direct and Exercises...

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